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Manny Randazzo's King Cake
Manny Randazzo's King Cake


Know the lingo like a local with this guide

Mardi Gras is more than an event –it’s a culture with a vocabulary all its own. Here are some words you might hear thrown around like beads at a parade.

Cheryl Gerber
Rex Mardi Gras Parade

Boeuf Gras

The fatted bull or ox is the ancient symbol of the last meat eaten before the Lenten season of fasting and the end of Carnival. According to Mardi Gras expert Arthur Hardy, a live version was part of the Rex parade until 1909. A papier-maché version appeared in 1959 and continues as one of Carnival's most recognizable symbols.


The captain is the leader of each Carnival organization who plans the parades and events. The kings and queens are honored members of the krewe picked every year by krewe members. The captain is a volunteer who runs the show and is a true workhorse.


The season of merriment which begins annually on Twelfth Night (Jan. 6) and ends at midnight on Fat Tuesday before Ash Wednesday.


The king, queen, maids and dukes of a Carnival organization. These are selected by the krewe and change yearly.  


A large warehouse where floats are built and stored. Many krewes keep the theme of their parades secret and thus keep the floats hidden away in the den with limited access to people outside the krewe.


Aluminum coins thrown at parades with the krewe's insignia on one side and the parade theme on the other. These are collectible and wonderful keepsakes.


Torches carried by people hired to light the parade. The tradition began before streetlights or lighted floats. It’s also tradition to give the flambeaux carriers change or dollar bills.  Many families have participated in the flambeaux groups for generations but only recently have woman joined.


Plastic or paper cup frequently used at Mardi Gras parades (it's legal to drink alcohol in the streets of New Orleans as long as the container isn't breakable). You take your drink to go and head outside to the street party.

King Cake

An oval pastry or coffee cake with a plastic baby hidden inside. The person who finds the baby buys the next cake for the group. Bakeries all try to have the best or most inventive king cake but many people prefer traditional. Try as many as you can!

Cheryl Gerber
Flambeaux Carrier


Used first by the Mistick Krewe of Comus in 1857, krewe is the generic term for all Carnival organizations in New Orleans.

Lundi Gras

French for Fat Monday, Lundi Gras is the day before Mardi Gras. It was celebrated from 1874 to 1917 with Rex’s arrival by steamboat. In 1987, the custom was revived and now Lundi Gras includes parades, concerts and Carnival activities staged by both Rex and Zulu.


One of the oldest krewes still parading. Rex rolls on Fat Tuesday. The leader is Rex, the king of Carnival, who is selected from the membership every year. This krewe started the tradition of purple, green and gold as Carnival colors. 

Rebecca Todd
Family Mardi Gras - Krewe of Femme Fatale

Neutral Ground

The median (where crowds stand to view the parades) on larger New Orleans streets. People riding in parades tell their friends they are either on the sidewalk side of the float or the neutral ground side.

Sidewalk Side

If you’re not standing on the neutral ground during a parade, you’re on the sidewalk side.


Trinkets tossed from floats in response to the cry, "Throw me something, mister!" Glass beads were a tradition back in the mid 1800s and are making a return today. These are lovely enough to be worn all year long. Some krewes have signature throws and lately more useable throws are getting popular – comb and brush sets, compacts, tote bags, mirrors, sun glasses, hats, cell phone chargers (!!), wallets, water bottles, key chains and more along with the popular cups.